The Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Army of the RBiH or ARBiH ) was the official armed force of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina .
The Army of the RBiH was established on April 15, 1992 . which is celebrated as Army Day. Its mandate and tasks within the Armed Forces of the RBiH are roughly defined by the Constitution of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Article 162).
Following the Dayton Agreement, the RBiH Army was defined as the Bosniak component of the Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina , and after its defense reform, was transformed into the Bosnian Rangers , one of the three brigades within the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina .
In 1996, the Presidency of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina honored the Army of the RBiH with the Order of Freedom on the occasion of March 1, the Independence Day of the Republic of BiH .
After the first multi-party elections in Bosnia, held in November 1990 , parties with a national background came to power in SR BiH : the SDA , SDS, and HDZ BiH . As a consequence of the ethnic intolerance and political disagreements within the SFRJ, its collapse and the beginning of war conflicts started.
After the conflicts in Slovenia and Croatia, the first illegal paramilitary units such as the Green Berets and the Patriotic League were formed in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
On the other side, there was a growing buildup of JNA forces in the territory of SR BiH from which the Serbian paramilitary formations were gradually arming.
The order on arming the SDS paramilitary formations was given by JNA Chief of General Staff Blagoje Adzic.
On 7 and 8 February , a military consultation was held in the village of Mehurići near Travnik with the commanders of the seven regional headquarters and part of the General Staff of the Patriotic League of BiH.
On 8 April 1992, with the declaration of imminent threat of war in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Headquarters of the Territorial Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina was established.
A day later, by decision of the Presidency of the RBiH, all armed forces and individuals, except members of the JNA and the MUP, were ordered to report to the municipal, city and regional headquarters of the TO in order to submit to a unified command.
Although officially June 23, 1992, the RBiH TO was renamed the Army of the RBiH, the official date of establishment of the Army of the RBiH is taken as April 15, 1992, and is designated as the day of formation.
General Sefer Halilovic has been selected as the first commander, ie Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the RBiH , who will perform this function until 1993 .
His appointed deputies were Jovan Divjak and Stjepan Siber
The headquarters of the General Staff of the Army of BiH was in Sarajevo and represented the highest authority in the chain of command. It consisted of several administrations such as: Personnel Directorate, Operations and Training Directorate, Logistics Directorate, Department of Morality, Outreach and Religious Affairs, Intelligence Directorate and others. By decision of the Presidency of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina of 18 August 1992, the entire territory of the Republic of BiH was to be divided into zones of responsibility of the five corps in formation that would be subordinated to the Headquarters of the ABiH Supreme Command.
During its existence, the Army of the RBiH was forced, in conditions of war, to change and organize its organization, which made its structure different during this period, not only in terms of time, but also depending on the area. The organization through the brigades as a tactical military unit of higher rank and corps remained from start to finish while for some time both operational groups and divisions were in use.
According to the decision of the Presidency of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina of 18 August 1992, the entire territory of the Republic of BiH is divided into zones of responsibility of the five Corps of the Army of the RBiH. These five corps operated throughout the war, with the subsequent establishment of the 6th Corps, which briefly existed, and the 7th Corps, which in addition to the 5 first corps formed the RBiH Army at the end of the war.
|I corps||Sarajevo||Formed on September 1, 1992 with the task of defending besieged Sarajevo.|
|II Corps||Tuzla||Formed on September 29, 1992, with a zone of responsibility that encompassed the Tuzla and Eastern Bosnia regions , the Corps participated in Operation Vozuca 95|
|III Corps||Zenica||Formed on December 1, 1992, based in Zenica, it played a significant role in the Bosniak-Croatian conflict .|
|IV Corps||Mostar||The Corps, established on November 17, 1992, played a significant role in the defense of Mostar.|
|V Corps||Bihać||Founded on October 21, 1992, with headquarters in Bihac. Area of responsibility of the Bosnian Krajina . The Corps participated in Operation Storm , Maestral and Sana '95|
|VI Corps||Konjic||Formed June 9, 1993, and disbanded in February 1994, the units were annexed to the 7th and 4th Corps.|
|VII Corps||Travnik||The Corps formed in April 1994 and participated in the liberation operations of Vlasic , Kupres and Donji Vakuf .|
Eastern Bosnia Task Force : Goražde , Srebrenica , Žepa